Jitsi is a set of open-source projects that allows you to easily build and deploy secure video conferencing solutions.
Is really easy to install, and also a really good private, federated and libre alternative to Zoom or other video conferencing software. You can create calls just by typing the URL, and loging-in is not necessary.
Dependencies and Installation
First, install some dependencies:
apt install gpg apt-transport-https nginx python3-certbot-nginx
Jitsi has its own package repository, so let's add it.
curl https://download.jitsi.org/jitsi-key.gpg.key | gpg --dearmor > /usr/share/keyrings/jitsi-keyring.gpg echo 'deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/jitsi-keyring.gpg] https://download.jitsi.org stable/' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jitsi-stable.list apt update -y
Ok. So now we can install Jitsi, but before we do that, let's setup the firewall
ufw, in case you
have it enabled, and the SSL certificate.
Enable Required Ports
If you are using ufw or another firewall, there are several ports we need to ensure are open:
ufw allow 80/tcp ufw allow 443/tcp ufw allow 10000/udp ufw allow 3478/udp ufw allow 5349/tcp ufw enable
For your information, these allow the following:
- 80 TCP – Certbot.
- 443 TCP – General access to Jitsi Meet.
- 10000 UDP – General network video/audio communications.
- 3478 UDP – Quering the stun server (coturn, optional, needs config.js change to enable it).
- 5349 TCP – Fallback network video/audio communications over TCP (when UDP is blocked for example), served by coturn.
I'll be using certbot and Nginx to generate a certificate for the Jitsi subdomain to allow encrypted connections.
certbot --nginx certonly -d meet.example.org
We will not create an Nginx config file for Jitsi because the Jitsi package we will be installing will do that automatically.
To begin the installation process, just run:
apt install jitsi-meet
It will ask you for your
hostname; there you'll need to input the subdomain you have just added to Nginx, like
For the SSL certificate, choose
I want to use my own certificate.
When it ask you for the certification key and cert files, input
Jitsi can be used in a browser by then just going to
Note that there are also Jitsi clients for all major platforms:
When using a Jitsi app for the first time, remember to go to the "Settings" menu and change your server name to the Jitsi site you just created.
When you create a video chatroom, its address will appear as
meet.example.org/yourvideochatname and can be shared as such.
This article is based on the original documentation. There you can find more details and configurations.